Please read this section of the document carefully. Consult legal, financial, tax, or other professional advisors; if you are in any doubt about the action, you should take it. This document’s information may not be exhaustive and does not imply any elements of a contractual relationship or obligations. While we make every effort to ensure that any material in this document is accurate and up to date, such material in no way constitutes professional advice. We do not guarantee nor accept any legal liability arising from the accuracy, reliability, currency, or completeness of any material contained in this document. No part of this document is legally binding or enforceable, nor is it meant to be.


This document does not constitute a prospectus or financial service offering document and is not an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy any security, investment products, regulated products, or financial instruments in any jurisdiction. Furthermore, any tokens listed in this document are not fiat currency, nor are they intended to represent or link to any fiat currency. 


References in this document to specific companies, networks, and/or potential use cases are for illustrative purposes only. The use of any company and/or platform names and trademarks does not imply any affiliation with, or recommendation, or endorsement of/by, any of those parties.


All graphics included in this document are for illustrative purposes only. In particular, graphics with price references do not translate into actual pricing information.


None of the information or analyses in this document is intended to provide a basis for an investment decision, and no specific investment recommendation is made. This document does not constitute investment advice or an invitation to invest in any security or financial instrument. No regulatory authority has examined or approved any of the information set out in this document. No such action has been or will be taken under any jurisdiction’s laws, regulatory requirements, or rules. You acknowledge and agree that you are not using the information in this document for purposes of investment, speculation, as some type of arbitrage strategy, for immediate resale, or other financial purposes.


Some of the document’s statements include forward-looking statements that reflect our current views concerning execution roadmap, financial performance, business strategy, and plans. All forward-looking statements address matters that involve risks and uncertainties and do not guarantee that these results will be achieved and may lead the actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of which such statement is made, the authors undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. No statement in this document is intended as a profit forecast.


This document contains data and references obtained from third-party sources. Whilst the authors believe that these data are accurate and reliable, they have not been subject to independent audit, verification, or analysis by any professional legal, accounting, engineering, or financial advisors. There is no assurance as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of the data.


Given that the “regulations” for cryptocurrency in most countries at best are highly ambiguous or completely non-existent, each buyer is strongly advised to carry out a legal and tax analysis concerning the purchase and ownership of cryptocurrency and tokens according to their nationality and place of residence. The regulatory status of cryptocurrencies and digital assets is currently unsettled in many jurisdictions, varies among jurisdictions, and can be subject to significant uncertainty. It is possible that in the future, certain laws, regulations, policies, or rules relating to cryptocurrencies, digital assets, blockchain technology, or blockchain applications may be implemented which may directly or indirectly affect or restrict cryptocurrency token holders' right to acquire, own, hold, sell, convert, trade, or use cryptocurrencies.


This document must not be taken or transmitted to any jurisdiction where distribution or dissemination of this document is prohibited or restricted.


Everything in this document is the author's work, with external sources and references provided where appropriate. Some parts of this document, on non-project-specific texts, charts, graphics, and formulas, might be identical with other documents produced by the same author. These include but are not limited to the explanation of some formulas, modeling techniques, economic theories, policies, and tokenomics principles.